Kniazevych A., Britchenko I.
СLUSTER APPROACH TO THE CREATING OF INNOVATIVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE COUNTRY
The experience of national innovation systems in developed countries indicates that the development of innovative models of the national economy is not possible without the formation of active innovation infrastructure. Only certain elements of the innovation infrastructure, requiring the development of a mechanism of complex formation and effective functioning of such network systems have been formed in Ukraine in modern conditions. The problems of formation and development of innovation infrastructure in difficult social and economic conditions have been considered in the article. The aim of the study is to analyze the role and impact of clusters on the self-organization and self-development of innovative infrastructure with limited financial resources. Methods of dialectical knowledge, theoretical generalization, systematic approach and method of abstraction that allowed developing a model of interaction of the constituent elements of innovation clusters and their impact on the innovation infrastructure are the theoretical basis of the research. The problem of influence of regional clustering to create a network of companies for maintenance of infrastructure, that offer and distribute their services on commercial basis, has been studied. Clustering of regions is accompanied by the spread of the influence of the growing number of clusters (innovation structures of the network type) on the national economy and its innovation infrastructure. A certain infrastructural environment is created around the hub and the core of a cluster – a number of companies specializing in innovative services that could commercially offer services not only to cluster firms, but also to all innovation active enterprises. Clustering of regions can serve as a basis for further self-organization and self-supporting for subsidiary companies under market mechanisms of management and transformation of innovation infrastructure of clusters into basic platform for innovation infrastructure of the country. The state, creating a favorable investment policy, regulates the boundary conditions of the activities for the subjects of innovation infrastructure, clusters that are self-organizing themselves, based on commercial considerations, under the market mechanisms, expanding their services to all regions, forming a coherent innovation infrastructure of the country.
Key words: innovative infrastructure, national innovation system, cluster, hub, network structure, self-organization, synergistic effect.